Venezuela denounces the role of U.S. in the continued coup against Bolivarian Revolution (+Full document)

Casa blanca

The role of the United States in the later attempt to overthrow Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro is more than clear. According to a U.S lawyer and author Eva Golinger’s Twitter post Obama’s administration just asked for $5.5 million to keep supporting the opposition in the South American nation. Before in 2014 Maduro denounced in The New York Times that U.S spends at least $5 million a year to support Bolivarian Revolution detractors.

U.S has said they are not undermining Venezuela. Even though earlier this week after detention in Venezuela of Mayor Antonio Ledezma claimed to be involved in the U.S backed coup thwarted last week in Caracas, White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest said his government is considering new actions to steer Venezuela in a new direction.

In fact, after he denied U.S government involvement in Venezuela political issues Earnest pointed out that “the Treasury Department and the State Department are obviously closely monitoring this situation and are considering tools that may be available that could better steer the Venezuelan government in the direction that they believe they should be headed”.

In response to that President Maduro emphasized U.S don´t have the right to interfere in other countries´ affairs and call on for solidarity with the Venezuelan people before this attacks. “I call on all the brother governments of Latin America and the Caribbean. I am calling on all our brothers and sisters in Latin America and the Caribbean. This is the moment for solidarity with the Venezuelan people, who are being attacked by the government of the United States. No one should stay quiet in the face of this aggression”.

Likewise Maduro questioned the position of the White House and its “new tools” against Bolivarian revolution. “What are the ‘tools’ that are being considered by the (U.S.) Treasury Department? More economic war. What are the ‘tools’ that are being considered to move us in any direction they should please? Who said that the government of the United States has any authority to move Venezuela in any way in this world?”

However the list of known U.S interventions in Venezuela during Maduro’s presidency since last year gets longer.

In the document bellow issued by the Venezuelan Ministry of Foreign Affairs to denounce before International Organizations White House actions we can see how far U.S government has gone this time regardless of the international regulations of non-interference in internal affairs of States.

DENUNCIATION OF THE COUP AGAINST VENEZUELA AND CONTINUED INTERFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has been denouncing since 2014, has been reporting since 2014, a new unconstitutional onslaught by the Venezuelan right and foreign elements to overthrow the democratically constituted government in the country. Violent attacks against Venezuelan democracy come from the extreme and violent ultra-right sector whose goal is to threaten the stability of the democratic system, trying to impose their agenda above the popular will which has been ratified successively in different elections in the country over the last 15 years.

Since January 23rd, 2014, the opposition’s plan called “The Way Out”, a term that refers to the imposed resignation of President Nicolás and his overthrow by the so-called “peaceful” demonstrations that later turned violent, causing painful deaths, injuries and creating a climate of fear and constant tension in the population of some states and municipalities, controlled by local authorities that oppose the revolutionary government.

One of the most noted leaders who promoted the so-called “Exit” is Mr. Leopoldo López, leader of the People’s Will Party, who declared through social networks: “We have raised the need for an exit to the disaster, an exit which is to build a popular force that is active in the streets”, “See you on the streets of Venezuela” he said while he indicated that the country is approaching “The Exit and change “.

This call was backed by several leaders, different political sectors of the Venezuelan right and student sectors mainly from private universities that were pushing a destabilizing plan which led to violent and destructive actions that began on February 12th, 2014. The tragic toll of the actions perpetrated by these different groups left a total of 43 deaths, hundreds injured and incalculable damage to public property.

The violent events brought about by these sectors of the ultra-radical opposition, were distorted by large national and international private media corporation making them look as “peaceful” protestors repressed by the Venezuelan government, noting that the legitimate action of law enforcement officers to enforce the law for the protection of property and lives of the majority of the population and the peace of the country, were not within the framework of the proportional use of force, but acts of alleged massive violations of human rights of allegedly peaceful demonstrators.

Before, during and after the failed escalation of violence, President Nicolás Maduro made a sincere call for dialogue, peace and understanding. Also, with the participation of UNASUR, a dialogue roundtable was organized to which all sectors were summoned, with national radio and television transmission. However, this effort was disregarded by the Venezuelan opposition, by their own decision they discontinued their participation in the dialogue process, tried to impose conditions to pursue the dialogue, showed no interest in reaching an understandings in the framework of the National Constitution and laws. The political opposition in general, by action or omission preferred to stick with the destabilizing agenda, keeping the continued action for a Coup d’état that highlights the non-willingness to recognize the legitimately constituted authorities with support from the government of the United States and some European allies to overthrow the Venezuelan government.

Due to the failure of violence they created in the streets by the so-called guarimbas, the oposition and some elements of the industrial comercial bourgeoisie unleashed an economic war against the Venezuelan people, thereby seeking to create a climate of dissatisfaction in the popular sectors that would bring about a rejection of President Maduro’s Government and produce looting and social upheaval. The main weapons used are by way of hoarding, speculating, smuggling, and mass propaganda by large media Corporations, that wanted to deprive the Venezuelan people of the basic food and hygiene products. This action, still in development, has been dismantled by the Bolivarian Government, which has devoted great efforts to stop the war against the economy, which directly affects the Venezuelan people’s conscience, spirit and moral.

During these months, the Bolivarian government has managed to disable the acts of violence, shortages, usury, hoarding, however, renewed actions for a coup continued, although at the military level conceived by a group of Officers of the Bolivarian National Armed Force politically linked to elements from foreign governments to cause a violent act against the President of the Republic, some fundamental institutions of the State and unarmed civilians. The new coup attempt was orchestrated by sectors of Venezuelan extreme right who offered money and a number of perks to officers who would participate in the coup, including visa to enter the territory of the United States of America, while obtaining support from that country for the coup as a whole (civil and military).

Notably, on the 11th and 12th of February 2015, one year after the implementation of the so-called “Exit”, several opposition leaders would have signed a document entitled “CALL TO VENEZUELANS FOR A NATIONAL AGREEMENT FOR TRANSITION”. Such document was signed by leaders of the Venezuelan ultra-right political opposition María Corina Machado, Antonio Ledezma and Leopoldo Lopez, possible members of a Transitional Government that stand to the overthrow the Government of President Nicolás maduro Moros.

In this sense, it is necessary to report that the dismantling of this coup has received to date, the detention of 10 officers, while three other soldiers are fugitives – outside of the country.

There has been multiple statements made by opposition politicians towards the Venezuelan government, which clearly reflect an attitude for a change of government, outside the existing constitutional rules, even calling for the Bolivarian National Armed Force to alter the constitutional order in the country. As noted States in a statement made by a Venezuelan organization in the United where they demand “free us from the yoke of the totalitarian mafia that is in power and has led Venezuela to its ruin”; or as shown in the statements made by the owner of a media written the same day of the supposed coup attempt had happened: “In Venezuela there are elections in 2018, but the situation is so catastrophic, discontent is so great in all sectors, including in the Chavistas and the Armed Forces, that anything can happen.”

All these elements are clear evidence of the continued destabilizing efforts by sectors in Venezuela, whose firm objective is to violate the constitutional order of the country.

Parallel to this situation that these right-wing groups have tried to create in our country, an increased participation or intervention of the Government of the United States of America has been noted. Its main government representative took on the main task of issuing disproportionate and wrongful judgments on the actions of President Nicolás Maduro, in order to create an international narrative, to justify a Coup d’état, foreign intervention and a “peaceful transition” towards democracy.

The Government of the United States, flaunting its alleged hegemony, has been systematically failing to comply with international obligations of non-interference in the internal affairs of Venezuela, in developing a series of actions such as declarations and legislation, in order to discredit and undermine the Bolivarian Government of President Nicolás Maduro Moros and the Venezuelan democratic institutions, thereby undermining the participatory and legitimate democratic system constitutionally valid.

Indeed, the US government, through official statements, has held since 2014 a perverse behavior of publicly discrediting the policies developed by the Venezuelan Government to address the crisis sponsored by Venezuelan political far right sector, private entrepreneurs and businesses.

This is observed when the Secretary of State, John Kerry [05/21/2014] distorted specific situations of violence occurring in Venezuela, calling them peaceful demonstrations, insisted on the false violation of political rights in our country and dared to demand the release of those who promoted vandalism and criminal acts, justifying them as an “attempt to exercise their democratic right to express dissent.”

Likewise, US Vice President Joe Biden during his visit to Brazil [16 and 17/06/2014] openly expressed that the Government of the United States considered that there was a weakening of Venezuelan democratic institutions, which should be understood as a lack of democracy and no guarantee of human rights.

On July 30, 2014 the US State Department imposed restrictions on the granting of visas for Venezuelan officials, under the pretext that there was judicial intimidation towards dissenting Venezuelan politicians and excessive use of force to control specific situations of violence, which during those dates only occurred in isolated urban sectors, and understood as peaceful protests, aiming to ensure that the human rights violators would be accountable.

The State Department, through its spokeswoman, Jen Psaki, has provided continuous and repeated declarations that sustain the false narrative on the economic situation in our country and has built an opinion stand concerning the alleged criminalization of the Venezuelan political dissent, obviating criminal vandalism that political leaders of the Venezuelan far-right encouraged and promoted directly and publicly, these being the real reason for their trials.

In this sense, the Government of the United States has spared no opportunity to question the integrity of the Venezuelan justice system, particularly when it comes to the judicial process of citizen Leopoldo López¸ one of the main promoters of “The Exit”.

It is also important to mention that the US government has maintained a distorted opinion on the violation of human rights in Venezuela and the criminalization of the political dissent. All these findings by the US Government are reflected in various State Department statements and speeches (July 30, 2014 and January 30, 2015, among others) as well as the statements made by US President Barack Obama on September 23, 2014 in support of Leopoldo López. Everything that Government established constitutes a line of action to continue supporting the political opposition for the change of the constitutionally democratic, participatory and legitimate regime in Venezuela.

Similarly, through the publication of the 2015 National Security Strategy, the US Government explicitly stated, and other interventionist, that Venezuelan democracy is at risk. Such conjecture can be interpreted as an attempt by the US Government to pave the way to propagate to the world that our society is in crisis and therefore prone to a coup, or other phenomena, that would results in an unconstitutional change of government in Venezuela.

Moreover, it is imperative to refer to the infamous “Law for the Protection of Human Rights and Civil Society in Venezuela”, passed by Congress and enacted by President Barack Obama in December 2014; in fact that “law” of eminent interventionist nature, finds support in the conviction of that Government that the Bolivarian Government of Venezuela violates human rights in its effort to enforce the law, maintain peace and security for all Venezuelans, even if it means preventing violent factions paid by the Venezuelan political far-right to commit vandalism and criminal actions.

During its passage through Parliament, the Government of the United States of America stated before Congress that through the sanctions established in this “law”, the favoured the Venezuelan political opposition’s claims.

It should be mentioned that US law imposes unilateral sanctions, not authorized by international law, against the interests of the Venezuelan nation, which, according to contemporary internationalist doctrine, based on recent legal cases at the International Court of Justice and practiced by the United Nations, it is a violation of the fundamental principle of non-intervention in the internal affairs of another state, enshrined as an universal obligation in international law governing international relations between states, to ensure the international peace and security.

Additionally, it should be noted that the Act aims to coerce the Bolivarian Government of Venezuela, through “targeted attack” on the property assets of Venezuelan citizens summarily and secretly marked by the Department of State (Executive Branch of Power) to apply sanctions and in violation of the fundamental rights recognized in the civilized society.

This interventionist action of the Government of the United States of America has been recognized and strongly condemned by the G77 and China, the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries (NAM) by the States of Latin America and the Caribbean grouped in MERCOSUR ALBA-TCP, UNASUR, being remarkable the calls to the Government of the United States to respect, in their relations with the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, the commitment to not intervene directly or indirectly in the internal affairs of any other State and observe the principles of national sovereignty, equal rights and self-determination of peoples (CELAC), and refrain from imposing unilateral sanctions that violate the principle of non-intervention in the internal affairs of other States (UNASUR and MERCOSUR).

However, the US government has ignored the firm call of at least 134 Member states of the United Nations, who have repeatedly reminded to comply with international law, the rejection of punitive measures against Venezuelan government officials, which were rejected again by the aforementioned regional bodies, and similarly the international community spoke through the MNOAL, who urged “to repeal such illegal coercive measures that affect the spirit of dialogue and political understanding between Venezuela and the United States of America.”

In light of the above mentioned, the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela appeals to the international community to strongly reject the systematic and continuous interference established by the Government of the United States of America in our internal political affairs, since it undermines the fundamental values for peaceful coexistence between states, and contrary to universal international law established in the United Nations Charter.

INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS ON NON-INTERFERENCE IN INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF STATES, VIOLATED AND DISREGARDED FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

 

  • The numeral 7 of Article 2 of the United Nations Charter, clearly provides fundamental principle governing the actions of both the organization and its member countries, the obligation not to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of States. This principle is fully developed in the “Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in Accordance with the Charter of the United Nations” (Resolution of the General Assembly of the UN No. 2625 (XXV) of 24 October, 1970), which provides as follows:

“No State or group of States has the right to intervene, directly or indirectly, and whatever the reason, in the internal or external affairs of any other. Therefore, not only armed intervention but also all other forms of interference or attempted threats against the personality of the State or against its political, economic and cultural elements that constitute it, are violations of international law. “

  • Similarly, Article 3(e) of the Charter of the Organization of American States establishes as a binding principle on all members of the organization “the obligation of no intervention in the affairs of another State”, and Article 19 of the Charter, expressly mentions that:

“No State or group of States has the right to intervene, directly or indirectly, and whatever the reason, in the internal or external affairs of any other. Therefore, not only armed intervention but also all other forms of interference or attempted threats against the personality of the State or against its political, economic and cultural elements that constitute it, are violations of international law. “

The coding rules of this principle undoubtedly makes it mandatory for all countries of the region, in order to maintain a good relationship that will lead to ensured peace and security.

  • Another manifestation of this universal principle is an hemispheric practice, practiced with full obligation by all countries in the Americas, as can be seen in paragraph 23 of the Declaration of Caracas of 2nd and 3rd December 2011, issued by the Summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), in which this political and integration mechanism, which means more representation from the Americas, acknowledged as one of its values and guiding principles, respect for sovereignty; respect for territorial integrity; and the non-interference in the internal affairs of each country.
  • Reaffirming this principal stance by the Special Declaration on Democracy and Constitutional Order in the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) of 3 December 2011, is expressed as follows:

“We reaffirm the Rule of Law, respect for legitimately constituted authorities as an expression of the sovereign will of peoples, the non-interference in internal affairs, and defense of democratic institutions are essential guarantees to ensure peace, stability and economic prosperity and social justice … “

  • Similarly, at the regional level, the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) has reaffirmed on several occasions the conviction of its Member States in relation to the obligation for the entire international community of the principle of non-intervention, unreserved respect of the sovereignty of States and the non-interference in internal affairs. This in order to maintain regional security and international peace.
  • The Decision on the Establishment of the South American Defense Council of UNASUR, of December 16, 2008, was strongly put forward by Article 3, as guiding principles for the defense of South American:

“(A) [The] unconditionally respect of the sovereignty, territorial and inviolability integrity of States, the non-intervention in internal affairs and self-determination of peoples.

(e) [The] safeguarding the full validity of international law, in concurrence with the principles and rules of the United Nations Charter, the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Treaty of UNASUR.

(m) Reaffirm the peaceful coexistence of peoples, the compliance of democratic systems of government and its protection in matters of defense against external or internal threats or actions within the framework of national legislation …”

  • The Joint Statement of the Special Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Union of South American Nations, the August 28, 2009, reiterated its emphasis that “full respect for the sovereignty, territorial and inviolability integrity of States, the non-interference in internal affairs and self-determination of peoples are essential to strengthen regional integration”, and in a similar line of thought, expressed “willingness to consolidate in South America a zone of peace, the foundation for a comprehensive development of our peoples and the preservation of natural resources, through conflict prevention, peaceful settlement of disputes and refraining from the use of threats or force. “
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